Es gibt verschiedene Arten von American Football. Die Anzahl Spieler, deren Position und die Regeln sind aber mehr oder weniger bei allen die selben, wie. American Football ist in den USA eine der beliebtesten Sportarten und auch in Deutschland wird sie immer populärer. Football ist nicht nur für die harten Jungs . American Football (englisch für „Amerikanischer Fußball“), oder auch kurz Football, ist eine aus den Vereinigten Staaten stammende Ballsportart und die.
Was Ist American Football VideoFootball Regeln schnell in Deutsch erklärt (NFL) Die angreifende Mannschaft darf also nach vorne rücken. Durch die Seitwärtsbewegung muss der Quarterback nur online casino pay by phone das halbe Spielfeld im Blick kundenbetreuung paypal email. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Der Gewinner entscheidet, ob er angreift Offense oder verteidigt Defense bzw. Punter während der Trittbewegung drauf und live,ru, den anfliegenden Football zu blocken. Eine Pause von 12 Minuten wird am Ende des 2. Laufen oder Werfen sind die zwei Möglichkeiten, um Raumgewinn xtip mobile erzielen. Aktueller torschützenkönig em Lutz und Co.: Hinsichtlich des Gelingens eines solchen Spielzugs trägt der balltragende Oddset regeln mehr Verantwortung als bei einem Standardlaufspiel. Nachteilig sind die hohen athletischen Anforderungen, die an die Linemen gestellt werden, da der Passgeber geld auf meinem konto die Defensespieler schneller erreichbar ist. Die Abwehrlinie soll das Freiblocken von Lücken für den gegnerischen Runningback verhindern. Eine neue Serie von Downs wird auf der 25 Yard-Linie begonnen.
An Harvard-Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes.
These players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to "selling refrigerators to Eskimos.
Yale player Walter Camp , now regarded as the "Father of American Football",   secured rule changes in that reduced the size of each team from 15 to 11 players and instituted the snap to replace the chaotic and inconsistent scrum.
The introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt if a scrum resulted in bad field position.
However, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring.
In , both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records. Each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0—0 tie.
This "block game" proved extremely unpopular with the spectators and fans of both teams. A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, and a reversion to the scrum was considered.
However, Camp successfully proposed a rule in that limited each team to three downs , or tackles, to advance the ball five yards.
Failure to advance the ball the required distance within those three downs would result in control of the ball being forfeited to the other team.
This change effectively made American football a separate sport from rugby, and the resulting five-yard lines added to the field to measure distances made it resemble a gridiron in appearance.
Other major rule changes included a reduction of the field size to by Despite these new rules, football remained a violent sport. Dangerous mass-formations, which involved interlocking interference, like the flying wedge resulted in serious injuries and deaths.
The legal forward pass was introduced in , although its impact was initially limited due to the restrictions placed on its use. Other rule changes introduced that year included the reduction of the time of play from 70 to 60 minutes and the increase of the distance required for a first down from 5 to 10 yards 9.
To reduce infighting and dirty play between teams, the neutral zone was created along the width of the football. This is the first recorded instance of a player being paid to participate in a game of American football , although many athletic clubs in the s offered indirect benefits, such as helping players attain employment, giving out trophies or watches that players could pawn for money, or paying double in expense money.
Despite these extra benefits, the game had a strict sense of amateurism at the time, and direct payment to players was frowned upon, if not outright prohibited.
Over time, professional play became increasingly common, and with it came rising salaries and unpredictable player movement, as well as the illegal payment of college players who were still in school.
The National Football League NFL , a group of professional teams that was originally established in as the American Professional Football Association, aimed to solve these problems.
The dominant form of football at the time was played at the collegiate level , but the upstart NFL received a boost to its legitimacy in when an NFL team, the Pottsville Maroons , defeated a team of Notre Dame all-stars in an exhibition game.
The game, a 23—17 overtime victory by the Colts, was seen by millions of television viewers and had a major impact on the popularity of the sport.
This, along with the innovations introduced by the new American Football League AFL in the early s, helped football to become the most popular sport in the United States by the mids.
The bidding war for players ended in , when NFL owners approached the AFL regarding a merger, and the two leagues agreed on one that would take full effect in This agreement provided for a common draft that would take place each year, and it instituted an annual World Championship game to be played between the champions of each league.
That game began play at the end of the season. Once the merger was completed, it was no longer a championship game between two leagues, and reverted to the NFL championship game, which came to be known as the Super Bowl.
College football maintained a tradition of postseason bowl games. Each bowl game would be associated with a particular conference, and earning a spot in a bowl game was the reward for winning a conference.
This arrangement was profitable, but it tended to prevent the two top-ranked teams from meeting in a true national championship game, as they would normally be committed to the bowl games of their respective conferences.
Several systems have been used since to determine a national champion of college football. The first was the Bowl Coalition , in place from to A football game is played between two teams of 11 players each.
Individual players in a football game must be designated with a uniform number between 1 and NFL teams are required to number their players by a league-approved numbering system, and any exceptions must be approved by the Commissioner.
The role of the offensive unit is to advance the football down the field with the ultimate goal of scoring a touchdown. The offensive team must line up in a legal formation before they can snap the ball.
An offensive formation is considered illegal if there are more than four players in the backfield or fewer than five players numbered 50—79 on the offensive line.
Interior offensive linemen are not allowed to move until the snap of the ball. The quarterback is the leader of the offense. Either the quarterback or a coach calls the plays.
Quarterbacks typically inform the rest of the offense of the play in the huddle before the team lines up.
The quarterback lines up behind the center to take the snap and then hands the ball off, throws it or runs with it. The primary role of the halfback, also known as the running back or tailback, is to carry the ball on running plays.
Halfbacks may also serve as receivers. Fullbacks tend to be larger than halfbacks and function primarily as blockers, but they are sometimes used as runners in short-yardage situations  and are seldom used in passing situations.
The offensive line OL consists of several players whose primary function is to block members of the defensive line from tackling the ball carrier on running plays or sacking the quarterback on passing plays.
The principal receivers are the wide receivers WR and the tight ends TE. The main goal of the wide receiver is to catch passes thrown by the quarterback,  but they may also function as decoys or as blockers during running plays.
Tight ends line up outside the tackles and function both as receivers and as blockers. The role of the defense is to prevent the offense from scoring by tackling the ball carrier or by forcing turnovers interceptions or fumbles.
Defensive ends line up on the ends of the line, while defensive tackles line up inside, between the defensive ends.
The primary responsibilities of defensive ends and defensive tackles is to stop running plays on the outside and inside, respectively, to pressure the quarterback on passing plays, and to occupy the line so that the linebackers can break through.
Linebackers line up behind the defensive line but in front of the defensive backfield. They are divided into two types: Linebackers are the defensive leaders and call the defensive plays.
Their diverse roles include defending the run, pressuring the quarterback, and guarding backs, wide receivers and tight ends in the passing game.
The defensive backfield , often called the secondary, consists of cornerbacks CB and safeties S. Safeties are themselves divided into free safeties FS and strong safeties SS.
Safeties are the last line of defense, and are responsible for stopping deep passing plays as well as running plays. The special teams unit is responsible for all kicking plays.
Three positions are specific to the field goal and PAT point-after-touchdown unit: There is not usually a holder on kickoffs, because the ball is kicked off of a tee; however, a holder may be used in certain situations, such as if wind is preventing the ball from remaining upright on the tee.
The player on the receiving team who catches the ball is known as the kickoff returner KR. The positions specific to punt plays are the punter P , long snapper, upback and gunner.
The long snapper snaps the football directly to the punter, who then drops and kicks it before it hits the ground. Gunners line up split outside the line and race down the field, aiming to tackle the punt returner PR — the player that catches the punt.
Upbacks line up a short distance behind the line of scrimmage, providing additional protection to the punter. In American football, the winner is the team that has scored the most points at the end of the game.
There are multiple ways to score in a football game. The touchdown TD , worth six points, is the most valuable scoring play in American football.
A touchdown is scored when a live ball is advanced into, caught in, or recovered in the end zone of the opposing team. A PAT is most commonly attempted from the two- or three-yard line, depending on the level of play.
If scored by a placekick or dropkick through the goal posts, it is worth one point, and is typically called the extra point.
In such a case, a successful attempt is called the two-point conversion  and is worth two points. For the season, the NFL adopted a rules on PATs that stated during an extra point the placekick must be snapped from the yard line and on extra points if the kick is blocked and the opposing team returns it into the end zone or if during a two-point conversion the ball is fumbled or intercepted and returned to the end zone the opposing team will score two points.
No points are awarded on a failed extra point or two-point conversion attempt, although under a rare set of circumstances it is possible to score a safety, worth one point, if the defense takes the ball back into its own end zone and is downed there.
A safety is scored when the ball carrier is tackled in their own end zone. Safeties are worth two points, which are awarded to the defense. Lines marked along the ends and sides of the field are known respectively as the end lines and sidelines , and goal lines are marked 10 yards 9.
Weighted pylons are placed on the inside corner of the intersections of the goal lines and end lines. White markings on the field identify the distance from the end zone.
Inbound lines, or hash marks , are short parallel lines that mark off 1 yard 0. Yard lines , which can run the width of the field, are marked every 5 yards 4.
A one-yard-wide line is placed at each end of the field; this line is marked at the center of the two-yard line in professional play and at the three-yard line in college play.
Numerals that display the distance from the closest goal line in yards are placed on both sides of the field every ten yards. Goalposts are located at the center of the plane of each of the two end lines.
The crossbar of these posts is ten feet 3. Goal posts are padded at the base, and orange ribbons are normally placed at the tip of each upright.
The football itself is an oval ball, similar to the balls used in rugby or Australian rules football. Football games last for a total of 60 minutes in professional and college play and are divided into two-halves of 30 minutes and four-quarters of 15 minutes.
The losing team, unless the winning team decides to defer, is allowed to choose the option the winning team did not select, and receives the option to receive, kick, or select a goal to defend to begin the second half.
Most teams choose to receive or defer, because choosing to kick the ball to start the game would allow the other team to choose which goal to defend.
Games last longer than their defined length due to play stoppages — the average NFL game lasts slightly over three hours.
An operator is responsible for starting, stopping and operating the game clock based on the direction of the appropriate official.
If the play clock expires before the ball has been snapped or free-kicked, a delay of game foul is called on the offense.
The play clock is set to 40 seconds in professional and college football and to 25 seconds in high school play or following certain administrative stoppages in the former levels of play.
There are two main ways that the offense can advance the ball: In a typical play, the quarterback calls the play, and the center passes the ball backwards and under their legs to the quarterback in a process known as the snap.
The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball or runs with it. The play ends when the player with the ball is tackled or goes out of bounds, or a pass hits the ground without a player having caught it.
A forward pass can only be legally attempted if the passer is behind the line of scrimmage, and only one forward pass can be attempted per down.
The offense is given a series of four plays, known as downs. If the offense advances ten or more yards in the four downs, they are awarded a new set of four downs.
If they fail to advance ten yards, possession of the football is turned over to the defense. In most situations, if the offense reaches their fourth down they will punt the ball to the other team, which forces them to begin their drive from further down the field; if they are in field goal range , they might also attempt to score a field goal.
There are two categories of kicks in football: On a kickoff, the ball is placed at the yard line of the kicking team in professional and college play and at the yard line in high school play.
Im Verlauf eines Spiels, das in vier Vierteln zu 15 oder 12 Minuten ausgetragen wird, versuchen zwei Mannschaften aus je elf Spielern, den Spielball in die gegnerische Endzone zu bringen oder ein Field Goal zu erzielen, um Punkte zu gewinnen.
Die sich im Ballbesitz befindende Mannschaft Offense , engl. Die verteidigende Mannschaft Defense , engl. Wenn die Offense einer Mannschaft auf das Feld kommt, hat sie vier Versuche, einen Raumgewinn von zehn Yards oder mehr zu erlangen.
Gewinner ist die Mannschaft, die nach Ablauf der Spielzeit die meisten Punkte erzielt hat. Grundgedanke des Spiels ist es, Raum zu gewinnen.
Die Regeln weichen je nach Organisation teilweise voneinander ab. Die Two-Point Conversion hat jedoch geringere Erfolgsaussichten. Falls ein Touchdown nicht mehr erreichbar erscheint, kann ein Kick durch die gegnerischen Torstangen versucht werden Field Goal , der bei Erfolg drei Punkte einbringt.
Alle aufeinanderfolgenden Plays eines Teams, ohne dass das Angriffsrecht wechselt, nennt man Drive. Ein Spielzug startet, wenn der Ball gesnapt bewegt wird.
Der Werfer muss sich hinter der Line of Scrimmage befinden. Nach einem Catch darf der Spieler so weit laufen, wie er kann.
Eine besondere Variante des Passspiels ist der Lateralpass. Dabei wird der Ball parallel zur Line of Scrimmage bzw. Dies darf, ebenso wie sogenannte Handoffs , beliebig oft pro Spielzug wiederholt werden.
Der Kickoff nach einem Punktgewinn erfolgt immer durch die zuvor erfolgreiche Mannschaft. Dieser Kick kann ebenfalls von beiden Mannschaften erobert werden.
Hierbei wird versucht, ein Field Goal zu erzielen. Ein Scrimmage Kick ist ein Kickspielzug, der mit einem Snap beginnt.
Ist man schon nahe beim gegnerischen Tor, versucht man anstelle eines Punts ein Field Goal zu erzielen.
Dabei handelt es sich um eine echte Netto- Spielzeit. Ein laufender Spielzug wird durch Fouls, Auszeiten oder Ballbesitzwechsel nicht unterbrochen.
Ein angefangener Spielzug wird immer fertig gespielt, auch wenn die Spielzeit im jeweiligen Quarter ausgelaufen ist. Der Gewinner entscheidet, ob er angreift Offense oder verteidigt Defense bzw.
Erzielt jedoch eine Mannschaft einen Touchdown oder eine Safety, gewinnt diese sofort und das Spiel ist beendet. Sollten nach Ende der 10 Minuten keine Punkte erzielt worden sein oder immer noch Gleichstand bestehen, weil beispielsweise beide Mannschaften in ihrem jeweils ersten Ballbesitz ein Field Goal erzielt haben , so endet das Spiel unentschieden.
Nach einem Touchdown muss daher eine Two-Point Conversion gespielt werden. Eine Regelverletzung wird mit einer Strafe engl.
American Football hat eines der umfangreichsten Regelwerke aller Sportarten. Die meisten Regeln dienen daher dazu, Verletzungen der Spieler zu vermeiden.
Bei Strafen gegen beide Teams heben diese sich meist gegenseitig auf. American football is played with a ball with pointed ends.
Points are scored in many ways, usually by one team getting the ball into the end zone of the other team. The game started in the late 19th century as college football , an American version of rugby football.
In the National Football League, players can be paid millions of dollars. In the National Collegiate Athletic Association, players simply play for the pride of their school, scholarships , or for the chance to join a national team.
Over a million boys and a few girls play high school football. There is also a closely related sport called Canadian football. A football game is played with a ball called a football.
The sport is played on a grass or artificial turf field. The end zones , one at each end of the field, are 10 yards long. The players wear protective equipment, including a helmet with face mask, shoulder pads, thigh pads, and often a mouth guard.
A team has four chances, or "downs", to advance the ball 10 yards while the opposing team tries to stop it. Certain players advance the ball by carrying or throwing it.
American football is carefully regulated by time and rules, which are enforced by officials, who also determine when a team scores. A college or professional football game is 60 minutes long, and is divided into minute quarters.
In some high schools, the quarters are 12 minutes long, and games for younger children are often shorter still.
After the first two quarters, the teams rest during halftime. In NFL football, if the game is tied after the four quarters, the two teams compete in at least one more minute period called overtime.
During overtime, the first team to score points is usually the winner. However, under the current rules, first used for the postseason, if the team that has the ball first ends its possession by scoring a field goal, the other team has a chance to score.
If that team does not score, or if it scores a touchdown, the game ends. If it scores a field goal, the game continues, and the next team to score wins.
During the regular season, only one overtime period is played—if neither team scores, or if both teams score field goals when they first have the ball, the game ends in a tie.
During the playoffs, the game will continue with as many overtime periods as needed to decide a winner. If the game is tied after each team has had the ball once in overtime, the first team to score wins.
The game ends when one team scores, and the other team fails to score as many points during its chance. Most of the game is played on yards in the middle.Das nächste Down startet an der Stelle, wo der vorherige Spielzug gestoppt wurde. Vollmer warnt Patriots vor Chiefs-Stadion ran. Dann steht auch der Sieger fest. Ab der dritten Overtime ist ein PAT nicht mehr zulässig. Dies soll die Verteidiger zu einer verzögerten Reaktion auf den Pass bewegen. Der Head Coach ist der Oberste in der Trainerhierarchie. Januar um Dabei wird der Ball aus der Hand sehr weit in Richtung Gegner gekickt, der ihn, wie bei einem Kick-Off, zurücktragen darf. Wir machen den Check. Zweitens zwingt es den Quarterback zu möglichen Audibles , die den Spielzug ändern, wenn er sieht, dass z. Grundwissen kindgerecht und alles leicht verständlich. Nicht umsonst ist der Rookie für den Pro Bowl nominiert. Das Spielfeld ist in 12 Zonen aufgeteilt, die durch senkrechte Linien sichtbar gemacht werden. Der Spielzug endet mit einem Tackle, dem Verlassen des Spielfeldes oder, falls es der Ballträger bis in die gegnerische Endzone schafft, mit einem Touchdown.
football american was ist - your placeDie Konstante im Browns-Chaos ran. Wir liefern euch das passende Angeberwissen. Nach einem Touchdown muss daher eine Two-Point Conversion gespielt werden. Schafft sie dies, erhält sie vier neue Versuche, gelingt ihr dies nicht oder verliert sie den Ball durch eine Interception oder einen Fumble , geht das Angriffsrecht an den Gegner. Nicht umsonst ist der Rookie für den Pro Bowl nominiert. NFL 40 Yard Splash: Football wird mehrheitlich mit den Händen gespielt und nicht etwa wie der Name vermuten lässt mit den Füssen.
American football in the United States. Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football strategy College football Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Concussions in American football Fantasy football American Glossary of American football List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Pro Football Hall of Fame Steroid use in American football.
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Sociology of Sport and Social Theory. This audio file was created from a revision of the article " American football " dated July 5, , and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article.
Fumble Interception Muffed punt Turnover on downs. First down Three-and-out Fourth down conversion Dead ball.
Timeout Kneel Spike Time warnings 3 min. Clock management Running out the clock Untimed play Garbage time.
Hierbei wird versucht, ein Field Goal zu erzielen. Ein Scrimmage Kick ist ein Kickspielzug, der mit einem Snap beginnt. Ist man schon nahe beim gegnerischen Tor, versucht man anstelle eines Punts ein Field Goal zu erzielen.
Dabei handelt es sich um eine echte Netto- Spielzeit. Ein laufender Spielzug wird durch Fouls, Auszeiten oder Ballbesitzwechsel nicht unterbrochen.
Ein angefangener Spielzug wird immer fertig gespielt, auch wenn die Spielzeit im jeweiligen Quarter ausgelaufen ist.
Der Gewinner entscheidet, ob er angreift Offense oder verteidigt Defense bzw. Erzielt jedoch eine Mannschaft einen Touchdown oder eine Safety, gewinnt diese sofort und das Spiel ist beendet.
Sollten nach Ende der 10 Minuten keine Punkte erzielt worden sein oder immer noch Gleichstand bestehen, weil beispielsweise beide Mannschaften in ihrem jeweils ersten Ballbesitz ein Field Goal erzielt haben , so endet das Spiel unentschieden.
Nach einem Touchdown muss daher eine Two-Point Conversion gespielt werden. Eine Regelverletzung wird mit einer Strafe engl. American Football hat eines der umfangreichsten Regelwerke aller Sportarten.
Die meisten Regeln dienen daher dazu, Verletzungen der Spieler zu vermeiden. Bei Strafen gegen beide Teams heben diese sich meist gegenseitig auf.
Einige Strafen beinhalten auch ein automatisches First Down. Die Endzone kann durch Strafen im normalen Spielverlauf nicht erreicht werden.
Bei besonders schweren Vergehen kann ein Spieler auch vom Spiel ausgeschlossen ejected werden. Dies gilt insbesondere bei Fouls mit Verletzungsabsicht, grob unsportlichem Verhalten sowie Beleidigung von Schiedsrichtern und anderen Spielteilnehmern gegnerische Spieler, Trainer, Zuschauer.
Strittige Entscheidungen sind z. Wenn der Coach bei beiden Challenges Recht bekommt, so bekommt das Team eine dritte.
Eine verlorene Challenge resultiert in der Aberkennung eines Timeouts. Quarter kann nur noch der Oberschiedsrichter und der offizielle Spielerbeobachter eine Challenge beantragen.
Wer auf diese tritt, befindet sich demzufolge schon im Aus. November das allererste Spiel bestritten, im Osten der Vereinigten Staaten gespielt. Damit ist der Center bei jedem Spielzug am Ball.
Der Quarterback hat die Aufgabe, den von den Trainern geplanten Spielzug umzusetzen und notfalls, in Reaktion auf die Spielsituation, anzupassen Audible.
Bei der Aufstellung gibt es auch hier verschiedene Formationen z. Wishbone-, I- , Pro-Formation. Er ist aber passempfangsberechtigt.
Hinzu kommen aber noch positionsspezifische Aufgaben. Die Defensive Tackles sollen in der Mitte die Stellung halten und verhindern, dass dort Raumgewinne erzielt werden.
Manche Teams benutzen zwei Tackles, manche drei, andere dagegen nur einen. A safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone.
When this happens two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team. This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball.
It can also happen if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone. A safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone.
Exhibition season better known as Pre-Season is in August. In the exhibition season, the teams get ready for the regular season by having training.
Teams have practices to help the team get better and see who will make the team. All of the teams play 4 games before the regular season starts, and the games do not change what team gets to the post season.
Because of it, teams do not use their best players much, and use the games as more practice. The 32 NFL teams are divided into two conferences: Each of them is divided in four divisions: North, South, West and East.
Each division includes four teams. The season lasts 17 weeks. Each team plays 16 games and has one week off. This week of rest is called a "bye week".
At the end of the regular season, the winners of each division, and the next two best teams in each conference and the best 6 AFC teams play in a tournament.
The event is often treated as a National holiday as many stores close for the event. The day of the event is commonly known nationwide as Super Bowl Sunday.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Men playing American football. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Change Change source View history.